Center for Problem-Oriented Policing

Endnotes

[1] Gofman (2002).[Full text]

[2] Witzel and Bash (1997).

[3] Gofman (2002). [Full text]

[4] Patterson and Barbour (1989).

[5] Walters (n.d.).

[6] Brinkmann (2001).

[7] Lezon (1999).

[8] Carvino (1990).

[9] Carvino (1990).

[10] Carvino (1990).

[11] Trapp (2000). [Full text]

[12] Trapp (2000). [Full text]

[13] Brandmiller v. Arreola, 199 Wis.2d 528, 544 N.W.2d 894 (Wis. Supr. Ct. 1996).

[14] Podgers (1996).

[15] State v. Stallman, 519 N.W.2d 903 (Minn. Ct. App. 1994).

[16] Scheunemann v. City of West Bend, 507 N.W.2d 163 (Wis. Ct. App. 1993).

[17] Gofman (2002).[Full text]

[18] Carvino (1990).

[19] U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (2004).

[20] Wilkinson (2001).

[21] See, for example, Townes v. St. Louis, 949 F. Supp.731 (E. D. Mo. 1996), aff’d, 1997 U.S. App. LEXIS 8861 (8th Cir., Sept. 6, 1997).

[22] Carvino (1990), as reported by the Reno Police Department, pp. 1–16.

[23] Carvino (1990), as reported by the Reno Police Department, pp. 1–16.

[24] Carvino (1990); see also Avon and Somerset Constabulary (2002). [Full text]

[25] Carvino (1990).

[26] Meares and Kahan (1998).

[27] Walters (n.d.).

[28] Carvino (1990).

[29] Carvino (1990).