Center for Problem-Oriented Policing

Endnotes

[1] Hurley (1995).

[2] Indermaur (1995); South Australian Office of Crime Statistics and Research (1999); Kowalski. (1999).

[3] Hurley (1995); South Australian Office of Crime Statistics and Research (1999).

[4] Hunter and Marshall (2000); Kowalski (1999); South Australian Office of Crime Statistics and Research (1999); Indermaur (1995); Newham (2008).

[5] Kelley (2009a, 2009b).

[6] Hurley (1995); Kowalski (1999); Marshall and Wundersitz (1999); Van der Merwe (2008); Dauvergne (2010); Newham (2010); Kelley (2009a, 2009b).

[7] Hicks and Sansfaçon (1999).

[8] Indermaur (1995).

[9] Marshall and Wundersitz (1999).

[10] Budd (1999).

[11] Adame (2005); Dauvergne (2010).

[12] Erickson (1996).

[13] Nugent et al. (1989).

[14] Newham (2008); Adame (2005).

[15] Wade (2010).

[16] Dauvergne (2010).

[17] Van der Merwe (2008).

[18] Van der Merwe (2008); Krott (2001).

[19] Newham (2008); Newham (2010); Burke and O’Rear (1990).

[20] Hurley (1995); Burke and O’Rear (1990); Daye (1997); Krott (2001); Weaver (2004); Newham (2008); Kelley (2009a, 2009b).

[21] Newham (2010); Newham (2008).

[22] Newham (2010); Adame (2005); Daye (1997); Weaver (2004); Burke and O’Rear (1990); Newham (2008); Hunter and Marshall (2000); Kelley (2009a, 2009b).

[23] Newham (2008).

[24] Newham (2010).

[25] Newham (2010); Newham (2008).

[26] Newham (2010); Hunter and Marshall (2000).

[27] Kelley (2009a, 2009b).

[28] Mazzone (1994).

[29] Newark Police Department (2009).

[30] KABC (2011).

[31] Kowalski (1999).

[32] Hunter and Marshall (2000); Newham (2008); Newham (2010); Kowalski (1999).

[33] Newham (2008); Wade (2010); Kelley (2009a, 2009b).

[34] Hunter and Marshall (2000).

[35] Krott (2001); Newham (2008, 2010).

[36] Newham (2010); Kelley (2009a, 2009b).

[37] Newham (2010).

[38] Newham (2010); Burke and O’Rear (1990).

[39] Hunter and Marshall (2000).

[40] Kelley (2009a, 2009b).

[41] Newham (2010).

[42] Wright and Decker (1994).

[43] Weaver (2004).

[44] Kopel (2001).

[45] Newham (2008).

[46] Marshall and Wundersitz (1999).

[47] Newham (2008); Dauvergne (2010); Kowalski (1999).

[48] Kelley (2009a, 2009b).

[49] Newham (2010).

[50] Hunter and Marshall (2000).

[51] Kopel (2001); Illinois State TRIAD (1998).

[52] Marshall and Wundersitz (1999).

[53] Dauvergne (2010).

[54] Bachman and Meloy (2008).

[55] Newham (2008).

[56] Marshall and Wundersitz (1999); Kelley (2009a, 2009b).

[57] Newham (2010).

[58] Kelley (2009a, 2009b).

[59] Hunter and Marshall (2000).

[60] Hunter and Marshall (2000).

[61] Kelley (2009a, 2009b).

[62] Hunter and Marshall (2000).

[63] Hunter and Marshall (2000); Newham (2008); Newham (2010).

[64] Hunter and Marshall (2000).

[65] Newham (2010); see White (1990).

[66] Newham (2010).

[67] Daye (1997); Weaver (2004).

[68] Burke and  O’Rear (1990); Hunter & Marshall (2000); Newham (2008, 2010).

[69] Hunter and  Marshall (2000).

[70] Hunter and Marshall (2000).

[71] Hammer (2012).

[72] Newham (2008).

[73] Newham (2010).

[74] Hicks and Sansfaçon (1999).

[75] Sutton (1998).

[76] Stockdale and Gresham (1998).

[77] Kelley (2009a, 2009b).

[78] Adame (2005).

[79] Gloucestershire Constabulary (2003).

[80] Burke and O’Rear (1990).

[81] Kelley (2009a, 2009b).

[82] Adame (2005).

[83] Daye (1997); Weaver (2004).

[84] Burke and O’Rear (1990).

[85] Mazzone (1994).

[86] Newham (2010).

[87] Newham (2010).

[88] Newham (2010).

[89] Vellani (2010).

[90] Newham (2010).

[91] Newham (2010).

[92] Chatterton and Frenz (1994).