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Procedures for Approval by the Department:

(A) If a governing body of a municipality adopts this model ordinance without change, the ordinance shall be deemed to be approved by the Department. Changes in formatting, numbering, or any other changes of this type shall not be considered changes requiring review and approval by the Department. Within 30 days after a municipality adopts this ordinance, the municipality shall submit to the Department, and the CEHA agency governing its region if one exists, a certification signed by the Township Clerk, Borough Manager or Administrator. The certification shall state:

I certify that {insert name of municipality} has adopted the Model Noise Control Ordinance without change(s). I further certify that if this statement is willfully false, I am subject to a penalty.

This ordinance shall be deemed approved upon submission by a municipality, and receipt by the Department, of the fully executed certification and duly adopted noise ordinance. In addition, in the event that a regional or county health agency is identified as the authorized enforcement agency for the purpose of enforcing this ordinance when adopted by a municipality, written consent of the regional or a county health agency must be obtained, affixed to the ordinance and made a part thereof.

Noise ordinances shall be submitted to:

NJDEP / Compliance & Enforcement
Office of Local Environmental Management
PO Box 422
401 East State Street
Trenton, NJ 08625

(B) If a governing body of a municipality wishes to change any provision(s) of this model ordinance or wishes to develop a noise ordinance that is not based on the model, the entire noise control ordinance including the proposed change(s) shall be submitted to the Department for review and approval, prior to adoption. The Department will review noise ordinances to determine consistency with the statewide scheme for noise control and whether the ordinance is more stringent than the State's noise code, in accordance with the Noise Control Act.

If the Department approves the change(s), the municipality shall submit a copy of the duly adopted ordinance to the CEHA agency governing its region, if one exists.

If the Department disapproves the change(s), the ordinance shall be returned to the municipality and shall be considered disapproved.

(C) The Department reserves the right to review, at any time, a noise control ordinance adopted by a municipality.


MODEL NOISE ORDINANCE

I. Definitions

The following words and terms, when used in this ordinance, shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. Terms not defined in this ordinance have the same meaning as those defined in N.J.A.C. 7:29.

"Construction" means any site preparation, assembly, erection, repair, alteration or similar action, including demolition of buildings or structures.

"Demolition" means any dismantling, destruction or removal of buildings, structures, or roadways.

"Department" means the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.

"Emergency work" means any work or action necessary to deliver essential public services including, but not limited to, repairing water, gas, electricity, telephone, sewer facilities, or public transportation facilities, removing fallen trees on public rights-of-way, dredging navigational waterways, or abating life-threatening conditions.

"Impulsive sound" means either a single pressure peak or a single burst (multiple pressure peaks) that has a duration of less than one second.

"Motor vehicle" means any vehicle that is propelled other than by human or animal power on land.

"Muffler" means a properly functioning sound dissipative device or system for abating the sound of escaping gasses on equipment where such a device is part of the normal configuration of the equipment.

"Multi-dwelling unit building" means any building comprising two or more dwelling units, including, but not limited to, apartments, condominiums, co-ops, multiple family houses, townhouses, and attached residences.

"Multi-use property" means any distinct parcel of land that is used for more than one category of activity. Examples include, but are not limited to:

1. A commercial, residential, industrial or public service property having boilers, incinerators, elevators, automatic garage doors, air conditioners, laundry rooms, utility provisions, or health and recreational facilities, or other similar devices or areas, either in the interior or on the exterior of the building, which may be a source of elevated sound levels at another category on the same distinct parcel of land; or

2. A building which is both commercial (usually on the ground floor) and residential property located above, behind, below or adjacent.

"Noise control officer" means an employee of: (1) a local, county or regional health agency which is certified pursuant to the County Environmental Health Act (N.J.S.A. 26:3A2-21 et seq.) to perform noise enforcement activities; or (2) a municipality with a Department approved noise control ordinance and the employee has received noise enforcement training and is currently certified in noise enforcement. The employee must be acting within his or her designated jurisdiction and must be authorized to issue a summons in order to be considered a noise control officer.

"Plainly audible" means any sound that can be detected by a person using his or her unaided hearing faculties. As an example, if the sound source under investigation is a portable or personal vehicular sound amplification or reproduction device, the detection of the rhythmic bass component of the music is sufficient to verify plainly audible sound. The noise control officer need not determine the title, specific words, or the artist performing the song.

"Private right-of-way" means any street, avenue, boulevard, road, highway, sidewalk, alley or easement that is owned, leased, or controlled by a non-governmental entity.

"Public right-of-way" means any street, avenue, boulevard, road, highway, sidewalk, alley or easement that is owned, leased, or controlled by a governmental entity.

"Public space" means any real property or structures thereon that are owned, leased, or controlled by a governmental entity.

"Real property line" means either (a) the imaginary line including its vertical extension that separates one parcel of real property from another; (b) the vertical and horizontal boundaries of a dwelling unit that is part of a multi-dwelling unit building; or (c) on a multi-use property, the interface between the two portions of the property on which different categories of activity are being performed (e.g., if the multi-use property is a building which is residential upstairs and commercial downstairs, then the real property line would be the interface between the residential area and the commercial area).

"Weekday" means any day that is not a federal holiday, and beginning on Monday at 7:00 a.m. and ending on the following Friday at 6:00 p.m.

"Weekends" means beginning on Friday at 6:00 p.m. and ending on the following Monday at 7:00 a.m.

II. Applicability

(A) This model noise ordinance applies to sound from the following property categories:

1. Industrial facilities;
2. Commercial facilities;
3. Public service facilities;
4. Community service facilities;
5. Residential properties;
6. Multi-use properties;
7. Public and private right-of-ways;
8. Public spaces; and
9. Multi-dwelling unit buildings.

(B) This model noise ordinance applies to sound received at the following property categories:

1. Commercial facilities;
2. Public service facilities;
3. Community service facilities;
4. Residential properties;
5. Multi-use properties; and
6. Multi-dwelling unit buildings.

(C) Sound from stationary emergency signaling devices shall be regulated in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:29-1.3, except that the testing of the electromechanical functioning of a stationary emergency signaling device shall not meet or exceed 10 seconds.

III. Declaration of Findings and Policy

WHEREAS excessive sound is a serious hazard to the public health, welfare, safety, and the quality of life; and, WHEREAS a substantial body of science and technology exists by which excessive sound may be substantially abated; and, WHEREAS the people have a right to, and should be ensured of, an environment free from excessive sound,

Now THEREFORE, it is the policy of {insert name of municipality} to prevent excessive sound that may jeopardize the health, welfare, or safety of the citizens or degrade the quality of life.

This ordinance shall apply to the control of sound originating from sources within {insert name of municipality}.

IV. Noise Control Officers

(A) The provisions of this ordinance shall be enforced by noise control officers. A person shall be qualified to be a noise control officer if the person meets the criteria set forth in the definition above and completes, at a frequency specified by the Department in N.J.A.C. 7:29-2.11, a noise certification and re-certification course which are offered by the Department of Environmental Sciences of Cook College, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey or any other noise certification or re-certification course which is offered by an accredited university and approved by the Department.

(B) Sound measurements made by a noise control officer shall conform to the procedures set forth at N.J.A.C. 7:29-2, except that interior sound level measurements shall also conform with the procedures set forth in sections V.(B) and V.(C) of this regulation and with the definition of "real property line" as contained herein.

(C) Noise control officers shall have the power to:

1. Coordinate the noise control activities of all departments in {insert name of municipality} and cooperate with all other public bodies and agencies to the extent practicable;

2. Review the actions of {insert name of municipality} and advise of the effect, if any, of such actions on noise control;

3. Review public and private projects, subject to mandatory review or approval by other departments or boards, for compliance with this ordinance; and

4. Investigate and pursue possible violations of this ordinance for sound levels which equal or exceed the sound levels set forth in Tables I and II, when measured at a receiving property located within the designated jurisdiction of the noise control officer, in accordance with Section VII. below.

5. Cooperate with noise control officers of adjacent municipalities in enforcing one another's municipal noise ordinances.

V. Maximum Permissible Sound Levels

(A) No person shall cause, suffer, allow, or permit the operation of any source of sound on any source property listed in II.(A) above in such a manner as to create a sound level that equals or exceeds the sound level limits set forth in Tables I and II when measured at or within the real property line of any of the receiving properties listed in Tables I and II, except as specified in (B). below.

(B) When measuring total sound or residual sound within a multi-use property, or within a residential unit when the property line between it and the source property is a common wall, all exterior doors and windows shall be closed and the measurements shall be taken in the center of the room most affected by the noise. Residual sound shall be measured in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:29-2.9(b)2. When measuring total sound or residual sound, all sound sources within the dwelling unit must be shut off (e.g., television, stereo). Measurements shall not be taken in areas which receive only casual use such as hallways, closets and bathrooms.

(C) Indoor measurements shall only be taken if the sound source is on or within the same property as the receiving property, as in the case of a multi-use property (e.g., sound generated within a commercial unit of a multi-use property building and received within a residential unit of the same building) or multi-dwelling unit building. In addition, indoor measurements shall be taken if the property line between the receiving property and the source property is a common wall, such as in a multi-dwelling unit building. The allowable sound level standards for indoors are as shown in Tables I and II.

(D) Impulsive Sound {Note: either one of the following must be adopted.}

1. Impulsive sound shall not equal or exceed 80 decibels at all times.

OR

2. Between 7:00 a.m. and 10:00 p.m., impulsive sound shall not equal or exceed 80 decibels. Between 10:00 p.m. and 7:00 a.m., impulsive sound which occurs less than four times in any hour shall not equal or exceed 80 decibels. Impulsive sound which repeats four or more times in any hour shall be measured as impulsive sound and shall meet the requirements as shown in Table I.

TABLE I
MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE A-WEIGHTED SOUND LEVELS

1. No person shall cause, suffer, allow, or permit the operation of any source of sound on any source property listed in II.(A) above in such a manner as to create a sound level that equals or exceeds the sound levels listed below.

(A) Outdoors

RECEIVING PROPERTY CATEGORY
Residential property, or residential portion of a multi-use property
Commercial facility, public service facility, non-residential portion of a multi-use property, or community service facility
TIME
7am-10pm
10 pm-7am
24 hours
Maximum A-Weighted sound level standard, dB
65
50
65


(B) Indoors

RECEIVING PROPERTY CATEGORY
Residential property, or residential portion of a multi-use property
Commercial facility*, or non-residential portion of a multi-use property
TIME
7am -10 pm
10pm-7am

 

24 Hours

Maximum A-Weighted sound level standard, dB

55
40

55

*In those instances when a commercial facility shares a common wall/ceiling/floor with another commercial facility that is producing the sound.


TABLE II

MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE OCTAVE BAND SOUND PRESSURE LEVELS IN DECIBELS

1. No person shall cause, suffer, allow, or permit the operation of any source of sound on any source property listed in II.(A) above in such a manner as to create a sound pressure level that equals or exceeds the sound levels listed below in one or more octave bands.

2. When octave measurements are made, the sound from the source must be constant in level and character. If octave band sound pressure level variations exceed plus or minus 2 dB in the bands containing the principal source frequencies, discontinue the measurement.

Receiving Property
Category







Residential property, or residential portion of a multi-use property






OUTDOORS
Residential property, or residential portion of a multi-use property





INDOORS
Commercial facility, public service facility, non-residential portion of a multi-use property, or community service facility

OUTDOORS
Commercial facility*, or non-residential portion of a multi-use property





INDOORS
Octave
Band Center Frequency, Hz.
Octave Band
Sound Pressure Level,
dB
Octave Band
Sound Pressure Level,
dB
Octave Band
Sound Pressure Level,
dB

Octave Band
Sound Pressure Level,
dB

Time
7am-
10 pm
10pm-
7 am
7am-
10 pm
10pm-
7am
24 hours
24 hours
31.5
96
86
86
76
96
86
63
82
71
72
61
82
72
125
74
61
64
51
74
64
250
67
53
57
43
67
57
500
63
48
53
38
63
53
1,000
60
45
50
35
60
50
2,000
57
42
47
32
57
47
4,000
55
40
45
30
55
45
8,000
53
38
43
28
53
43

*In those instances when a commercial facility shares a common wall/ceiling/floor with another commercial facility that is producing the sound.

VI. Restricted Uses and Activities

(A)



1. Except as provided in (B) below, the provisions of this ordinance shall not apply to the exceptions listed at N.J.A.C. 7:29-1.4.

2. Construction and demolition activities are exempt from the sound level limits set forth in Tables I and II, except as provided for in (B). below.

(B)



{Note: This section is optional; any numbered paragraph may be adopted in its entirety.}
Notwithstanding the provisions of Tables I and II, the following standards shall apply to the activities or sources of sound set forth below:

1. Non-commercial or non-industrial power tools and landscaping and yard maintenance equipment shall not be operated between the hours of 8:00 p.m. and 8:00 a.m., unless such activities can meet the applicable limits set forth in Tables I and II. All motorized equipment used in these activities shall be operated with a muffler. At all other times, the limits set forth in Tables I and II do not apply to non-commercial or non-industrial power tools and landscaping and yard maintenance equipment;

2. Commercial or industrial power tools and landscaping and yard maintenance equipment, excluding emergency work, shall not be operated on a residential property or within 250 feet of a residential property line when operated on commercial or industrial property, between the hours of 6:00 p.m. and 7:00 a.m. on weekdays, or between the hours of 6:00 p.m. and 9:00 a.m. on weekends or federal holidays, unless such activities can meet the limits set forth in Tables I and II. In addition, commercial or industrial power tools and landscaping and yard maintenance equipment, excluding emergency work, utilized on commercial or industrial property shall meet the limits set forth in Tables I and II between the hours of 10 p.m. and 7 a.m. All motorized equipment used in these activities shall be operated with a muffler. At all other times, the limits set forth in Tables I and II do not apply to commercial or industrial power tools and landscaping and yard maintenance equipment;

3. Construction and demolition activity, excluding emergency work, shall not be performed between the hours of 6:00 p.m. and 7:00 a.m. on weekdays, or between the hours of 6:00 p.m. and 9:00 a.m. on weekends and federal holidays, unless such activities can meet the limits set forth in Tables I and II. All motorized equipment used in construction and demolition activity shall be operated with a muffler. At all other times, the limits set forth in Tables I and II do not apply to construction and demolition activities;

4. Motorized snowblowers, snow throwers, and lawn equipment with attached snow plows shall be operated at all times with a muffler;

5. An exterior burglar alarm of a building or motor vehicle must be activated in such a manner that the burglar alarm terminates its operation within five (5) minutes for continuous airborne sound and fifteen (15) minutes for impulsive sound after it has been activated;

6. Personal or commercial vehicular music amplification or reproduction equipment shall not be operated in such a manner that it is plainly audible at a residential property line between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 8:00 a.m.;

7. Personal vehicular music amplification equipment shall not be operated in such a manner as to be plainly audible at a distance of 50 feet in any direction from the operator between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 10:00 p.m.;

8. Self-contained, portable, hand-held music or sound amplification or reproduction equipment shall not be operated on a public space or public right-of-way in such a manner as to be plainly audible at a distance of 50 feet in any direction from the operator between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 10:00 p.m. Between the hours of 10:00 p.m. and 8:00 a.m., sound from such equipment shall not be plainly audible by any person other than the operator;

9. Sound levels exceeding the limits set forth in Table I, {the following phrase is optional: "and Table II"} shall be prohibited between residential units within the same multi-dwelling unit building. Measurements shall be taken indoors as per Section V. (B) and V.(C).

VII. Enforcement

(A) Violation of any provision of this ordinance shall be cause for an enforcement document to be issued to the violator by the noise control officer according to procedures set forth at N.J.A.C. 7:29-1.6. The recipient of an enforcement document shall be entitled to a hearing in municipal court having jurisdiction to contest such action.

(B) Any person who violates any provision of this ordinance shall be subject to a civil penalty for each offense of not more than $3,000. If the violation is of a continuing nature, each day during which it occurs shall constitute an additional, separate, and distinct offense.

(C) No provision of this ordinance shall be construed to impair any common law or statutory cause of action, or legal remedy therefrom, of any person for injury or damage arising from any violation of this ordinance or from other law.

VIII. Severability and Repealer

(A) If any provision or portion of a provision of this ordinance is held to be unconstitutional, preempted by federal or State law, or otherwise invalid by any court of competent jurisdiction, the remaining provisions of the ordinance shall not be invalidated.

(B) All ordinances or parts of ordinances which are inconsistent with any provisions of this ordinance are hereby repealed as to the extent of such inconsistencies.

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