Center for Problem-Oriented Policing

2015 POP Conference
Oct 19-21, 2015 Portland, OR

Endnotes

[1] Redhead (1993); Jenkins (1999); Critcher (2000); Toronto Dance Safety Committee (2000) [Full text]; Shapiro (1999).

[2] Presdee (2000); Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001).

[3] Presdee (2000); Rietveld (1993); Jenkins (1999); Shapiro (1999).

[4] Pedersen and Skrondal (1999).

[5] Jenkins (1999); Steinhauer (2001); Redhead (1993); Shapiro (1999).

[6] Presdee (2000); Parker, Aldridge and Measham (1998); Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001); Shapiro (1999); Morel (1999).

[7] Presdee (2000); Parker, Aldridge and Measham (1998).

[8] Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001); U.S. Office of National Drug Control Policy (2001); Spruit (1999); Addiction and Mental Health Services Corp. (1998); New Zealand Ministry of Health (1999) [Full text].

[9] Akram and Galt (1999); Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001).

[10] Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001); Morel (1999); Akram and Galt (1999).

[11] Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001).

[12] Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001); Addiction and Mental Health Services Corp. (1998); Sherlock and Conner (1999); Van de Wijngaart et al. (1999); National Drug Intelligence Center (2001). [Full text]

[13] Patterns associated with these so-called rave or club drugs are monitored and reported by various U.S. drug- monitoring agencies, including the National Institute on Drug Abuse; the U.S. Office of National Drug Control Policy; the Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration[in the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) "Monitoring the Future" study]; and the Drug Enforcement Administration. For studies on rave-related drug use in the United Kingdom, see Sherlock and Conner (1999); Parker, Aldridge and Measham (1998); Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001); Akram and Galt (1999); Morris (1998, citing Release 1997) [Full text] [Briefing Notes]. For studies in the Netherlands, see Van de Wijngaart et al. (1999). For studies in Australia, see Lenton and Davidson (1999); Lenton, Boys and Norcross (1997); Topp et al. (1999). For studies in Canada, see Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (2000) [Full text]; Addiction and Mental Health Services Corp. (1998).

[14] Parker, Aldridge and Measham (1998); Redhead (1993); Jenkins (1999); Pedersen and Skrondal (1999); Maryland Cabinet Council on Criminal and Juvenile Justice (2001) [Full text]; National Drug Intelligence Center (2001) [Full text].

[15] Parker, Aldridge and Measham (1998); Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001); South (1999); Shapiro (1999).

[16] U.S. Office of National Drug Control Policy (2001) [Full text].

[17] Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001); Sherlock and Conner (1999); Van de Wijngaart et al. (1999); Topp et al. (1999).

[18] U.S. Office of National Drug Control Policy (2001) [Full text]; Spruit (1999); Weir (2000) [Full text]; Royal Canadian Mounted Police (2000) [Full text].

[19] Rietveld (1993); Weir (2000) [Full text]; Critcher (2000); Van de Wijngaart et al. (1999); Lenton and Davidson (1999); Addiction and Mental Health Services Corp. (1998).

[20] Measham, Parker and Aldridge (1998); Parker, Aldridge and Measham (1998); Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001); Shapiro (1999).

[21] Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001); Sherlock and Conner (1999); Van de Wijngaart et al. (1999); Akram and Galt (1999); Pedersen and Skrondal (1999); Topp et al. (1999).

[22] Presdee (2000); Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001); Lenton, Boys and Norcross (1997).

[23] Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001); Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (2000) [Full text]; Morris (1998, citing Release 1997) [Full text] [Briefing Notes]; Spruit (1999); Van de Wijngaart et al. (1999); Morel (1999); Adlaf and Smart (1997); Lenton, Boys and Norcross (1997).

[24] Parker, Aldridge and Measham (1998).

[25] Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001); Shapiro (1999); Royal Canadian Mounted Police (2000) [Full text]; Addiction and Mental Health Services Corp. (1998); Critcher (2000).

[26] Shapiro (1999).

[27] Shapiro (1999).

[28] Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001).

[29] Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001); Van de Wijngaart et al. (1999).

[30] Topp et al. (1999).

[31] Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001).

[32] Topp et al. (1999).

[33] Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001); Van de Wijngaart et al. (1999); Topp et al. (1999).

[34] Topp et al. (1999).

[35] Royal Canadian Mounted Police (2000) [Full text] (citing Mathias 1999).

[36] Jenkins (1999); Measham, Parker and Aldridge (1998); Shapiro (1999); Spruit (1999).

[37] Endnotes 37 Lenton, Boys and Norcross (1997); Akram and Galt (1999); New Zealand Ministry of Health (1999) [Full text]; Topp et al. (1999).

[38] Akram and Galt (1999); Lenton, Boys and Norcross (1997).

[39] Measham, Parker and Aldridge (1998); Critcher (2000); Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2000) [Full text]; Spruit (1999).

[40] U.S. Office of National Drug Control Policy (2001) [Full text]; National Drug Intelligence Center (2001) [Full text].

[41] Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2000) [Full text].

[42] Spruit (1999); Akram and Galt (1999).

[43] Van de Wijngaart et al. (1999); Lenton and Davidson (1999); Shapiro (1999).

[44] Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001).

[45] Morris (1998) [Full text] [Briefing Notes].

[46] U.S. Office of National Drug Control Policy (2001) [Full text]; Morris (1998) [Full text] [Briefing Notes].

[47] Calgary Police Service (1999).

[48] Steinhauer (2001); Shapiro (1999); Spruit (1999); Toronto Dance Safety Committee (2000) [Full text]; New Zealand Ministry of Health (1999) [Full text]; Calgary Police Service (1999); Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001); Morris (1998) [Full text] [Briefing Notes]; Spruit (1999); DanceSafe (2001); Morel (1999).

[49] Rietveld (1993).

[50] Shapiro (1999).

[51] National Drug Intelligence Center (2001) [Full text].

[52] Morris (1998) [Full text] [Briefing Notes].

[53] Morris (1998) [Full text] [Briefing Notes].

[54] Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department (2000); Moore (2000).

[55] Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001).

[56] Steinhauer (2001).

[57] Moore (2000).

[58] Steinhauer (2001); Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department (2000).

[59] Steinhauer (2001); Cloud (2001); National Drug Intelligence Center (2001) [Full text]. 38 Rave Parties

[60] Parker, Aldridge and Measham (1998); Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001).

[61] Measham, Aldridge and Parker (2001).

[62] Spruit (1999); Branigan and Wellings (1999); Van de Wijngaart et al. (1999); Morel (1999); Royal Canadian Mounted Police (2000) [Full text]; Maryland Cabinet Council on Criminal and Juvenile Justice (2001) [Full text]; Calgary Police Service (1999).

[63] Parker, Aldridge and Measham (1998); Measham, Parker and Aldridge (1998); Spruit (1999); Branigan and Wellings (1999); Weir (2000) [Full text]; Akram and Galt (1999); Lenton, Boys and Norcross (1997); Topp et al. (1999); Toronto Dance Safety Committee (2000) [Full text]; New Zealand Ministry of Health (1999) [Full text]; Morel (1999).

[64] Akram and Galt (1999); Morel (1999); Addiction and Mental Health Services Corp. (1998).

[65] Akram and Galt (1999).

[66] Akram and Galt (1999).

[67] Branigan and Wellings (1999).

[68] Shapiro (1999); Calgary Police Service (1999).

[69] Jenkins (1999).

[70] Spruit (1999); Van de Wijngaart et al. (1999).

[71] DanceSafe (2001).

[72] Spruit (1999); Van de Wijngaart et al. (1999).

[73] Steinhauer (2001).

[74] Toronto Dance Safety Committee (2000) [Full text].

[75] Lenton and Davidson (1999).