Center for Problem-Oriented Policing

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Cases cited:

Matter of Muhammad F. and People v. Boswel, (1999) 94 NY2d 136, cert. denied, 531 US 1044 (2000).

Mitchel v. Diamond Cab Company, (2003) 2003 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 12492.

Padberg v. McGrath -McKechnie, (2002) 203 F. Supp. 2d 261 (E.D.N.Y.), affd 60 Fed. Appx. 861 (2nd Cir.), cert. denied, 2003 U.S. LEXIS 7738.

People v. Abad, (2002) 98 NY2d 12.

U.S. v. Santiago, (1996) 950 F. Supp. 590.

U.S. v. Woodrum, (2000) 202 F3d 1 (1st Cir.), reh and reh en banc denied 208 F3d 8 (1st Cir.), cert. denied, 531 US 1035.