2017 POP Conference
Oct 2-4, 2017 Houston, TX

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References

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Braga, Anthony A. 2008. “Pulling Levers Focused Deterrence Strategies and the Prevention of Gun Homicide.” Journal of Criminal Justice 36: 332–343.

Braga, Anthony A., Rob Apel, and Brandon C. Welsh. 2013. “The Spillover Effects of Focused Deterrence on Gang Violence.” Evaluation Review 37: 314–342.

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Braga, Anthony A., David M. Hureau, and Christopher Winship. 2008. “Losing Faith? Police, Black Churches, and the Resurgence of Youth Violence in Boston.” Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law 6: 141–172.

Braga, Anthony A., and David M. Kennedy. 2012. “Linking Situational Crime Prevention and Focused Deterrence Strategies.” In Nick Tilley and Graham Farrell (eds.), The Reasoning Criminologist: Essays in Honour of Ronald V. Clarke. London: Routledge

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Braga, Anthony A., Jack McDevitt, and Glenn L. Pierce. 2006. “Understanding and Preventing Gang Violence: Problem Analysis and Response Development in Lowell, Massachusetts.” Police Quarterly 9(1): 20–46.

Braga, Anthony A., Glenn L. Pierce, Jack McDevitt, Brenda J. Bond, and Shea Cronin. 2008. “The Strategic Prevention of Gun Violence Among Gang-involved Offenders.” Justice Quarterly 25: 132–162.

Braga, Anthony A., and David L. Weisburd. 2012. The Effects of ‘Pulling Levers’ Focused-Deterrence Strategies on Crime. Campbell Systematic Reviews. Also published as Braga, Anthony A., and David L. Weisburd. 2012. “The Effects of Focused Deterrence Strategies on Crime: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Empirical Evidence.” Journal of Research in Crime & Delinquency 49(3): 323–358, and in abridged form as Braga, Anthony A., and David L. Weisburd. 2012. Pulling Levers Focused Deterrence Strategies to Prevent Crime. Crime Prevention Research Review No. 6. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services.

Braga, Anthony A., and Christopher Winship. 2006. “Partnership, Accountability, and Innovation: Clarifying Boston’s Experience with Pulling Levers.” In D. Weisburd and A. Braga (eds.), Police Innovation: Contrasting Perspectives. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

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Corsaro, Nicholas, and Robin S. Engel. 2015. “Most Challenging of Contexts: Assessing the Impact of Focused Deterrence on Serious Violence in New Orleans.” Criminology & Public Policy 14(3): 471–505.

Corsaro, Nicholas, Eleazer D. Hunt, Natalie Kroovand Hipple, and Edmund F. McGarrell. 2012. “The Impact of Drug Market Pulling Levers Policing on Neighborhood Violence: An Evaluation of the High Point Drug Market Intervention.” Criminology & Public Policy 11: 167–199.

Corsaro, Nicholas, and Edmund F. McGarrell. 2010. “Reducing Homicide Risk in Indianapolis between 1997 and 2000.” Journal of Urban Health 87: 851–864.

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Corsaro, Nicholas, and Edmund F. McGarrell. 2009b. “An Evaluation of the Nashville Drug Market Initiative Pulling Levers Strategy.” Drug Market Intervention Working Paper. East Lansing, Michigan: Michigan State University.

Dalton, Erin. 2003. Lessons in Preventing Homicide. Project Safe Neighborhoods Report. East Lansing, Michigan: School of Criminal Justice, Michigan State University

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Engel, Robin S., S. Gregory Baker, Marie Skubak Tillyer, John Eck, and Jessica Dunham. 2008. Implementation of the Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV): Year 1 Report. Cincinnati, Ohio: University of Cincinnati Policing Institute.

Engel, Robin S., Marie Skubak Tillyer, Jessica Dunham, Davin Hall, Murat Ozer, William Henson, and Timothy Godsey. 2009. Implementation of the Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV): Year 2 Report. Cincinnati, Ohio: University of Cincinnati Policing Institute.

Engel, Robin S., Nicholas Corsaro, and Marie Skubak Tillyer. 2010. Evaluation of the Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV). Cincinnati, Ohio: University of Cincinnati Policing Institute.

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High Point Police Department. 2000. One City’s Success in Reducing Gun Violence. Submission to the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing. [Full text ]

High Point Police Department and National Network for Safe Communities. 2016. Intimate Partner Violence Intervention. Submission to the Herman Goldstein Award for Excellence in Problem-Oriented Policing. Kennedy, David. 2009a. Deterrence and Crime Prevention: Reconsidering the Prospect of Sanction. London: Routledge.

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Kennedy, David. 1997. “Pulling Levers: Chronic Offenders, High-Crime Settings, and a Theory of Prevention.” Valparaiso University Law Review 31: 449–484.

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Novak, Kenneth J., Andrew M. Fox, Christine M. Carr, Joseph McHale, and Michael D. White. 2015. Kansas City SMART Policing Initiative: From Foot Patrol to Focused Deterrence. Smart Policing Initiative Spotlight Report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance.

Papachristos, Andrew. 2009. “Murder by Structure: Dominance Relations and the Social Structure of Gang Homicide.” American Journal of Sociology 115(1): 74–128.

Papachristos, Andrew, Anthony Braga, and David Hureau. 2012. “Social Networks and the Risk of Gunshot Injury.” Journal of Urban Health 89(6): 992–1003.

Papachristos, Andrew, Tracey Meares, and Jeffrey Fagan. 2007. “Attention Felons: Evaluating Project Safe Neighborhoods in Chicago.” Journal of Empirical Legal Studies 4: 223–272.

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