Center for Problem-Oriented Policing

References

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Brantingham P.L., and P.J. Brantingham (1984). Patterns in Crime. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

Clarke, R.V. (1980). “Situational Crime Prevention: Theory and Practice.” British Journal of Criminology 20(2):136-147.

Cornish, D., and R.V. Clarke (1986). The Reasoning Criminal: Rational Choice Perspectives on Offending. New York: Springer Verlag. [Full text]

Crowe, T. (2000). Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design. 2nd ed. Boston, Mass.: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Crowe, T., and D. Zahm (1994). “Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design.” Land Development, Fall: 22-27

Eck, J., and Spelman, W. (1987). Problem Solving: Problem Oriented Policing in Newport News. Washington, D.C.: Police Executive Research Forum.

Goldstein, H. (1990). Problem-Oriented Policing. New York: Mc-Graw Hill.

Jeffery, C. R. (1971, 1977). Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage.

Kruger, T., K. Landman and S. Liebermann (2001). Designing Safer Places: A Manual for Crime Prevention Through Planning and Design. Pretoria, South Africa: CSIR Building and Construction Technology and The Department of Safety and Security.

National Crime Prevention Council (1997). Designing Safer Communities: Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design Handbook. Washington, DC: NCPC. [Full text]

Newman, O. (1972). Defensible Space: Crime Prevention Through Urban Design. New York: Macmillan.

Police Executive Research Forum (1993, October). A Police Guide to Surveying Citizens and Their Environment. Bureau of Justice Assistance, Washington, DC. (NCJ143711). [Full text]